Narodne parky USA

V USA je mnozstvo

narodnych parkov, narodnych monumentov, statnych parkov. Co ale znamena "park", ci "monument"?

The National Park Service A Brief History
The national park concept is generally credited to the artist George Catlin. Catlin's vision was partly realized in 1864, when Congress donated Yosemite Valley to California for preservation as a state park.
Eight years later, in 1872, Congress reserved the spectacular Yellowstone country in the Wyoming and Montana territories “as a public park or pleasuring-ground for the benefit and enjoyment of the people.” With no state government there yet to receive and manage it, Yellowstone remained in the custody of the U.S. Department of the Interior as a national park—the world's first area so designated.
In 1906 it created Mesa Verde National Park, containing dramatic cliff dwellings in southwestern Colorado, and passed the Antiquities Act authorizing presidents to set aside “historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest” in federal custody as national monuments. Theodore Roosevelt used the act to proclaim 18 national monuments before he left the presidency. They included not only cultural features like El Morro, New Mexico, site of prehistoric petroglyphs and historic inscriptions, but natural features like Arizona's Petrified Forest and Grand Canyon. Congress later converted many of these natural monuments to national parks.
... The Park Service's greatest opportunity in the East lay in another realm—that of history and historic sites. Congress had directed the War Department to preserve a number of historic battlefields, forts, and memorials there as national military parks and monuments
History of the National Park Service
A collection of short essays concerning different aspects of the History of the National Park Service
National Park Service History
Useful Books about the National Parks and National Park Service
National Parks - A Brief History
One of the first people generally credited with conceptualizing a "national park" was George Catlin (1796-1872), a self-taught artist who traveled extensively among the native peoples of North America, while sketching and painting portraits, landscapes, and scenes from daily Indian life...

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